Stock and bonds

Bonds and stocks

It is very simple to get bonds and stocks mixed up with one another if we are not familiar with the fundamental economic terms. To differentiate between them, it is necessary to know the concepts. Stock and bonds


Bonds are financial instruments. Governments and banks employ them.It is the material form of fixed or variable income debt securities. Institutions issue bonds.. Supranational institutions can use their issuance to the financial markets for a source of funding. Stock and bonds

Bearer securities. Markets or stock exchanges trade them. Bearer securities. They are traded on markets or stock exchanges.The bond issuer promises to pay back the principal amount plus interest.

types of bonds

Exchangeable bond: Bonds can be exchanged for shares.
A convertible bond gives its holder the option to exchange it for newly issued shares at a fixed price.
Zero coupon bond: A bond that accrues interest when redeemed.
Bonds known as “spot bonds” are those that a company issues and promises to repay the value of the bond on the designated payment date.
Strips: Payment-divided bonds.Interest and principal trade separately.

Continuous interest payments are made, but the original loan amount is never returned.

Bond risks:
Market risk
Credit risk.
Inflation risk


A company’s security represents one of its capital’s equal fractions.

The shares offer their holder political and economic rights. There are no limits on who can buy or sell shares, and the returns on those investments may fluctuate depending on the company’s performance.

There are different types of shares depending on the benefits and restrictions.

Differences between bonuses and shares

Both are financial activities.
Companies and governments issue bonds to raise capital.The entity issuing the bond commits to pay the debt plus the interest generated, depending on the type of bond.
Shares represent a portion of an entity’s capital stock. Stock and bonds

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